English Grammar

Reported speech

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Reported speech is how we represent the speech of other people or what we ourselves say. There are two main types of reported speech: direct speech and indirect speech. Direct speech repeats the exact words the person used, or how we remember their words: Barbara said, “I didn’t realise it …

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11 Rules of Grammar

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1. Use Active Voice Every human language starts an active sentence with the subject, or the “doer.” In English, the verb (what’s being done) follows the subject. If there is an object (the receiver of the action), it comes after the verb. The formula looks like this: S+V+O. This rule is the …

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Relative pronouns

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A relative clause is one that’s connected to the main clause of the sentence by a word such as who, whom, which, that, or whose. For example: It reminded him of the house that he used to live in.

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